Gambling regulator in the Czech Republic
The body in charge of overseeing gaming is the Ministry of Finance. More specifically, the International Relations and Financial Policies Department. The Czech Customs Administration also oversees several areas of gambling.
All legal casinos on land are under Custom’s supervision. Additionally, it is the only body with the authority to levy penalties for breaking the Gambling Act.
The Ministry issues, modifies, or revokes basic licenses and regulates both offline and internet gaming. Only infractions related to internet gambling may result in sanctions being imposed.
Municipalities also issue, modify, or revoke licenses for gaming establishments. Additionally, municipalities can enact specific decrees. These include additional restrictions on land-based gambling inside their city limits.
During the country’s communist era, there were various legal gambling options. This includes regulated lotteries, scratch cards, and wagering on horses and sports.
When the USSR era ended, legal casino gaming and slot machines made their way to the Czech Republic. Notably, 2012 saw the legalization of online sports betting and remote lotteries. Other forms of internet gambling, though, weren’t made legal in the nation until 2016.
There are several laws that regulate gambling in Czech:
- Act No. 186/2016 – lays down the legal framework for gaming
- Act No. 40/2009 – regulates unlicensed gambling
- Act No. 586/1992 – controls gambling income tax
- Act No. 280/2009 – encompasses all tax-related activities
- Act No. 187/2016 – describes the gambling tax requirements of operators of gambling
- Act No. 500/2004 – outlines the procedures for administrative actions
- Act No. 253/2008 – controls money laundering
- Act No. 40/1995 – regulates gambling advertisements
Notably, the Gambling Act makes a distinction between online and land-based gambling. The main distinction is that operating an online casino simply needs a basic license.
Land-based gaming businesses must get a gambling venue location license. This is in addition to the basic license.
Some local governments might choose to forbid gambling on their property. This indicates that the location license for a gaming venue cannot be obtained there.
However, the purpose of the Gaming Act is to regulate both online and offline gambling. As a result, there is little difference between the two.